Din Bi Beenahaz'anii (1 N.N.C. 201-206)

Click here for the Nov. 8, 2002 Council Resolution (CN-69-02)

For commentary on the Councils efforts to incorporate Din bi beenahaz'anii in its written statutes in English, please read Din Bi Beenahazanii: Codifying Indigenous Consuetudinary Law in the 21st Century

INDEX

 

1. Din Bi Beehaz'anii Bitse Sil--Declaration of the Foundation of Din Law

2. Din Bi Beenahaz'anii

3. Diyin Bitsąądęę Beenahaz'anii--Din Traditional Law

4. Diyin Dine' Bitsąądęę Beenahaz'anii--Din Customary Law

5. Nahasdzn d Ydiłhił Bitsąądęę Beenahaz'anii--Din Natural Law

6. Diyin Nohook Din bi beenahaz'anii--Din Common Law

 

Title 1

General Provisions

Chapter 1.  The Foundation of the Din, Din Law and Din Government

1. Din Bi Beehaz'anii Bitse Sil--Declaration of the Foundation of Din Law (1 N.N.C. 201)

We, the Din, the people of the Great Covenant, are the image of our ancestors and we are created in connection with all creation.

Din Bi Beehazanii Bitsi Sil

Diyin Dine'

Sin d sodizin

Bee

Nahasdzn d ydiłhił nitshkees yił hadeidiilaa,

T d dził diyinii nahat' yił hadediilaa,

Niłch'i d nanse' ałtaas' iin yił hadediilaa,

Ko', adindn d  ntł'iz ndahaniihjį' sihasin yił hadeidiilaa.

D ts'd alaj nihi beehaz'anii bitse sil nih' lyaa.

Nitshkees nahat' bits sil.

Iin sihasin bits sil.

Hanihi' diilyaadi d nihiihdaahya' d bee hadnit'.

Binahji' nihho'dlzing :

Nihzhi',

done' niidlinii,

Nihin',

Nihee 'ool ł,

Nihi chaha'oh,

Nihi kk'ehashchn.

D bik'ehgo Diyin Nohook Din nihi'doo'niid.

Kod dah'adns d dah'adiidl.

ko dshjįįgi nitshkees, nahat', iin, saad, oodlą',

D beehaz'anii ał'ąą daat'ego nihitah nihwiileeh,

Ndi nihi beehaz'anii bits sil nh ndaahya'  t'ahdii doo łahgo nhda.

biniinaa t' nanihi'deelyhąą doo nłch'i divin hinh nihiihdaahya'ąą ge't igo,

T' Din niidlįįgo nsg ahool'.

The Holy People ordained,

Through songs and prayers,

That

Earth and universe embody thinking,

Water and the sacred mountains embody planning,

Air and variegated vegetation embody life,

Fire, light, and offering sites of variegated sacred stones embody wisdom.

These are the fundamental tenets established.

Thinking is the foundation of planning.

Life is the foundation of wisdom.

Upon our creation, these were instituted within us and we embody them.

Accordingly, we are identified by:

Our Din name,

Our clan,

Our language,

Our life way,

Our shadow,

Our footprints.

Therefore, we were called the Holy Earth-Surface-People.

From here growth began and the journey proceeds.

Different thinking, planning, life ways, languages, beliefs, and laws appear among us,

But the fundamental laws placed by the Holy People remain unchanged.

Hence, as we were created with living soul, we remain Din forever.

 

2. Din Bi Beenahaz'anii (1 N.N.C. 202)

The Din bi beenahaz'anii embodies Diyin bitsąądęę beenahaz'anii (Traditional Law), Diyin Dine' bitsąądęę beenahaz'anii (Customary Law), Nahasdzn d Ydiłhił bitsąądęę beenahaz'anii (Natural Law), and Diyin Nohook Din bi beenahaz'anii (Common Law).

These laws provide sanctuary for the Din life and culture, our relationship with the world beyond the sacred mountains, and the balance we maintain with the natural world.

These laws provide the foundation of Din bi nahat' (providing leadership through developing and administering policies and plans utilizing these laws as guiding principles) and Din sovereignty. In turn, Din bi nahat'a is the foundation of the Din bi naat' (government). Hence, the respect for, honor, belief and trust in the Din bi beenahaz'anii  preserves, protects and enhances the following inherent rights, beliefs, practices and freedoms:

A. The individual rights and freedoms of each Din (from the beautiful child who will be born tonight to the dear elder who will pass on tonight from old age) as they are declared in these laws; and

B. The collective rights and freedoms of the Diyin Nohook Din as a distinct people as they are declared in these laws; and

C. The fundamental values and principles of Din Life Way as declared in these laws; and

D. Self-governance; and

E. A government structure consisting of Hzhj Nahat' (Executive Branch), Naat'j Nahat' (Legislative Branch), Hashkj Nahat' (Judicial Branch), and the Naayee'j Nahat' (National Security Branch); and

F. That the practice of Din bi nahat'a through the values and life way embodied in the Din bi beenahaz'anii provides the foundation for all laws proclaimed by the Navajo Nation government and the faithful adherence to Din Bi Nahat' will ensure the survival of the Navajo Nation; and

G. That Din bi beenahaz'anii provides for the future development and growth of a thriving Navajo Nation regardless of the many different thinking, planning, life ways, languages, beliefs, and laws that may appear within the Nation; and

H. The right and freedom of the Din to be educated as to Din Bi beenahaz'anii; and

I. That Din Bi beenahaz'anii provides for the establishment of governmental relationships and agreements with other nations; that the Din shall respect and honor such relationships and agreements and that the Din can expect reciprocal respect and honor from such other nations.

 

3. Diyin Bitsąądęę Beenahaz'anii--Din Traditional Law (1 N.N.C. 203)

The Din Traditional Law declares and teaches that:

A. It is the right and freedom of the Din to choose leaders of their choice; leaders who will communicate with the people for guidance; leaders who will use their experience and wisdom to always act in the best interest of the people; and leaders who will also ensure the rights and freedoms of generations yet to come; and

B. All leaders chosen by the Din are to carry out their duties and responsibilities in a moral and legal manner in representing the people and the government; the people's trust and confidence in the leaders and the continued status as a leader are dependent upon adherence to the values and principles of Dine bi beenahaz'anii; and

C. The leader(s) of the Executive Branch (Aląąjį' Hzhj Nahat') shall represent the Navajo Nation to other peoples and nations and implement the policies and laws enacted by the legislative branch; and

D. The leader(s) of the Legislative Branch (Aląąjį' Naat'j Nahat' and Aląąjį' Naat'j Ndaanit'ii or Naat'aanii) shall enact policies and laws to address the immediate and future needs; and

E. The leader(s) of the Judicial Branch (Aląąjį' Hashkj Nahat') shall uphold the values and principles of Din bi beenahaz'anii in the practice of peace making, obedience, discipline, punishment, interpreting laws and rendering decisions and judgments; and

F. The leader(s) of the Security Branch (Aląąjį' Naayee'j Nahat') are entrusted with the safety of the people and the government. To this end, the leader(s) shall maintain and enforce security systems and operations for the Navajo Nation at all time and shall provide services and guidance in the event of severe national crisis or military-type disasters; and

G. Our elders and our medicine people, the teachers of traditional laws, values and principles must always be respected and honored if the people and the government are to persevere and thrive; the teachings of the elders and medicine people, their participation in government and their contributions of the traditional values and principles of Din life way will ensure growth of the Navajo Nation; and from time to time, the elders and medicine people must be requested to provide the cleansing, protection prayers, and blessing ceremonies necessary for securing healthy leadership and the operation of the government in harmony with traditional law; and

H. The various spiritual healings through worship, song and prayer (Nahagh) must be preserved, taught, maintained and performed in their original forms; and

I. The Din and the government must always respect the spiritual beliefs and practices of any person and allow for the input and contribution of any religion to the maintenance of a moral society and government; and

J. The Din and the government can incorporate those practices, principles and values of other societies that are not contrary to the values and principles of Din Bi Beenahaz'aanii and that they deem is in their best interest and is necessary to provide for the physical and mental well-being for every individual.

 

4. Diyin Dine' Bitsąądęę Beenahaz'anii--Din Customary Law (1 N.N.C. 204)

The Din Customary Law declares and teaches that:

A. It is the right and freedom of the people that there always be holistic education of the values and principles underlying the purpose of living in balance with all creation, walking in beauty and making a living; and

B. It is the right and freedom of the people that the sacred system of k', based on the four clans of Kiiyaa'anii, Todch'inii, Honaghahnii and Hashtł'ishnii and all the descendent clans be taught and preserved; and

C. It is the right and freedom of the people that the sacred Din language (nihiinei') be taught and preserved; and

D. It is the right and freedom of the people that the sacred bonding in marriage and the unity of each family be protected; and

E. It is the right and freedom of the people that every child and every elder be respected, honored and protected with a healthy physical and mental environment, free from all abuse.

F. It is the right and freedom of the people that our children are provided with education to absorb wisdom, self-knowledge, and knowledge to empower them to make a living and participate in the growth of the Navajo Nation.

 

5. Nahasdzn d Ydiłhił Bitsąądęę Beenahaz'anii--Din Natural Law (1 N.N.C. 205)

Din Natural Law declares and teaches that:

A. The four sacred elements of life, air, light/fire, water and earth/pollen in all their forms must be respected, honored and protected for they sustain life; and

B. The six sacred mountains, Sisnajini, Tsoodził, Dook'o'oosld, Dib Nitsaa, Dził Na'oodiłii, Dził Ch'ool'', and all the attendant mountains must be respected, honored and protected for they, as leaders, are the foundation of the Navajo Nation; and

C. All creation, from Mother Earth and Father Sky to the animals, those who live in water, those who fly and plant life have their own laws, and have rights and freedom to exist; and

D. The Din have a sacred obligation and duty to respect, preserve and protect all that was provided for we were designated as the steward of these relatives through our use of the sacred gifts of language and thinking; and

E. Mother Earth and Father Sky is part of us as the Din and the Din is part of Mother Earth and Father Sky; The Din must treat this sacred bond with love and respect without exerting dominance for we do not own our mother or father.

F. The rights and freedoms of the people to the use of the sacred elements of life as mentioned above and to the use of the land, natural resources, sacred sites and other living beings must be accomplished through the proper protocol of respect and offering and these practices must be protected and preserved for they are the foundation of our spiritual ceremonies and the Din life way; and

G. It is the duty and responsibility of the Din to protect and preserve the beauty of the natural world for future generations.

 

6. Diyin Nohook Din bi beenahaz'anii--Din Common Law (1 N.N.C. 206)

The Din Common Law declares and teaches that:

A. The knowledge, wisdom, and practices of the people must be developed and exercised in harmony with the values and principles of the Din Bi Beenahaz'aanii; and in turn, the written laws of the Navajo Nation must be developed and interpreted in harmony with Din Common Law; and

B. The values and principles of Din Common Law must be recognized, respected, honored and trusted as the motivational guidance for the people and their leaders in order to cope with the complexities of the changing world, the need to compete in business to make a living and the establishment and maintenance of decent standards of living; and

C. The values and principles of Din Common Law must be used to harness and utilize the unlimited interwoven Din knowledge, with our absorbed knowledge from other peoples. This knowledge is our tool in exercising and exhibiting self-assurance and self-reliance in enjoying the beauty of happiness and harmony.